2 days in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Very few people have heard about Phnom Penh let alone know that it is the capital of Cambodia. Tourists generally fly in and out of Siem Reap and Phnom Penh losses out on visitors. Little do people know that it is definitely a city worth visiting and adding on their travel list. I have made a 2 day itinerary for a quick visit to all important places in Phnom Penh based on how we traveled. You can also check Cambodia detailed travel guide.

It is important to know before you plan a trip here is, everything closes at 5pm – even tourists places, hence best is to start early and end early. So choose flying into the Phnom Penh late evening or night so you can relax that day and start sightseeing the next day.

Day 1: Morning:

Independence Monument of Phnom Penh

Start with a quick visit to the independence monument which was built in the centre of the city to pay respect to Cambodia’s independence from France in 1953. The monument is inspired from Khmer temple at Angkor Wat and is shaped as lotus stupa.

Ideal Duration of visit: 10-15 minutes, Entry fees: Free

Phnom Penh

Wat Phnom temple:

Phnom Penh means Hill of Penh was earlier known as Krong Chaktomok. According to a legend, a lady found statues of the Buddha inside a tree floating in the River. With the help of villagers she built a temple by increasing the height of a hill which is now known as Wat Phnom.

Phnom penh

After climbing a few flights of stairs you’ll across a man releasing sparrows if paid money. This is Buddhist belief of saving all beings from suffering while gaining personal merits. It was heart wrenching to see these birds being forced out of cage, just to be caught back again to put in the cage.

Phnom penh, wat phnom temple

The interior of temple has a central altar complex with a large bronze seated Buddha surrounded by other statues, flowers, fruits, candles and other items of devotion. The walls and ceiling is covered with murals, especially of Buddha’s earlier reincarnations.

Ideal duration of visit: 1 – 1.5 hours, Entry fees: US$1

phnom penh

Midday

National Museum of Phnom Penh:

If you are interested in archeology, then National Museum is a dream stop for you. The structure of the museum is gorgeous and the insides are also maintained nicely with proper interpretation of each artifact. Take some rest around one of the benches in the central courtyard which has variety of fishes floating in ponds.

Ideal duration of visit: 2 – 2.5 hours, Entry fees: US$10

phnom penh

Afternoon:

Royal Palace and Silver Pagoda:

Have a relaxed lunch as the Palace opens at 2pm. It is closed from 11am to 2pm. Royal Palace has a stunning architecture that awes all the locals and tourists alike. It was the official residence of the King of Cambodia.  The palace occupies several acres of land in the city center with several buildings inside the complex.

phnom penh

Check out the most impressive Throne Hall and sink in to see the royal and majestic interiors. You can observe the hall from doors and windows and not allowed to go inside. Don’t even try as there are guards.

Aside from the Throne Hall, the other important building is the Silver Pagoda. The pagoda is named so as it is made of 5329 silver tiles covering the pagoda floor weighing almost five tones. You will not see it as it covered by tiles except a small portion near the entrance is exposed. You will know this only if you get a guide (we didn’t but we overheard one of them).

Get awed with 2 statues of Buddha – a large one referred to as the Emerald Buddha and a small solid-gold Buddha encrusted with 2,086 diamonds. The gem above the forehead weighs 25 carats and another on the chest is a hefty 20 carats.

Ideal duration of visit: 1.5 hours, Entry fees: US$10

Evening:

If you want to relax by the riverfront head over to Sisowath Quay. Watch the sun go down with some ice coffee or food. Or if you are feeling adventurous head over to the Nagaworld Casino to try your luck in any of the 100 games spread to 3 floors. There is live dance performance every 30 minutes which you can enjoy while enjoying a drink or pastry from their shop. The food options are amazing as well. Nagaworld has its own duty free shopping in the basement in case you want to shop.

Ideal duration of visit: 1 – 12 hours (depends), Entry fees: Free

phnom penh

Day 2:

Morning: The Killing Fields – Choeung Ek Genocidal Center

The Killing Fields are located 15 kilometers from Phnom Penh and will require a lot of time in commuting and in the field so dedicating an entire morning is best. Hire a tuk-tuk for the day (US$25) and it will cover everything.

phnom penh

The country underwent horrifying genocide that was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime (led by Pol Pot) between 1975 and 1979. Out of the 7 million population then, over 1.7 million died of starvation, execution, disease or overwork. Some estimates place the death toll even higher. The Khmer Rouge apparently arrested and killed all people from previous regime – including soldiers, politicians and bureaucrats, educated, capitalist and city people to grow rice and other agricultural products as Pol Pot wanted to develop Cambodia into a agrarian economy like the Angkor Empire in earlier days. When people complained they were tortured and killed, including women and children. You can read in detail about the history of Cambodia from any of these books.

An audio tour around the field gave us an idea of what happened here. You still see bones and scraps of clothes on the ground. The Khmer Rouge utilized barbaric methods for killing – farm tools, bamboo, axes, and sharp sugar cane branches. One stop on the audio tour included “the killing tree” where children were held by their legs, swung against the tree and then discarded into the mass graves. It’s impossible to imagine such inhumane activities done not even 50 years ago!

Ideal duration of visit: 2-3 hours, Entry fees: US$15 (includes audio tour)

phnom penh

Afternoon:

We were too moved to go to Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum and see some more crazy stuff so we passed on it. Instead we went to parent’s home for lunch and relaxed a bit before going to Central market.

phnom penh

Central market is quite popular with locals and tourists alike in Phnom Penh and has cheap deals on almost everything – clothes, souvenirs, jewellery, duplicate designer bags, shoes, etc. even though it is cheap, bargain atleast 30-40% or more.

Ideal duration of visit: 2-3 hours, Entry fees: Free

phnom penh

Fun fact: There are streets named after Charles De Gaulle and Jawaharlal Nehru.

Sustainable Travel Tips:

  • Cambodia is still a developing country and has lot of poverty. Try buying food and clothes from a local market/food joint to boost their economy rather walking into a mall/food chain.
  • There is a lot of waste lying on the streets. But as ethical tourists do not add to it. If you do not find a bin, keep the waste with you, till you find one.
  • Cover your knees and shoulders at all times. It’s a hot and conservative country – protect your body with clothes rather than sunscreen.
  • Hire local guides and tuk-tuk drivers – they will get a day’s meal for their family
  • Drinking water – try and refill water bottles instead of buying them everytime. Hotels and restaurants have refilling facility and don’t shy away from asking. You’ll save money and environment.
  • Do not pay the beggars – at times you’ll almost want to give into the grim looking expressions. They may be part of gang and your money may fund it and lead to more beggars on streets. Best is to avoid eye contact.

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37 thoughts on “2 days in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

    1. Hi Xin’en since I was visiting my parents, we avoided eating food outside. Since we are vegetarian it was anyway difficult to get that food.

  1. I don’t know that I’ll ever be able to go back to PP after being robbed there! It’s a shame I don’t have good memories of it as it is a great city with lots to offer. I enjoyed the prison and killing fields as horrific as they were to visit.

  2. Thank you so much!! So detailed and helpful to know what to expect in this developing country. Would love to see the killing fields to remember those lost and better understand Cambodian history. Also good to know eveything closes at 5 pm sharp!! Lol

  3. I have heard and know about the capital of Cambodia and hope I can visit one day. I know that it is the place to go if i want to learn about the history and identity of the country. Thanks for sharing an itinerary and info. I like to read what other travelers suggest.

  4. I’m happy you went to Phnom Penh as well. Too sad many people just overlook it on their way to Angkor. My highlight was the killing fields. It was really touching what has happened here. I didn’t make it to the National Museum and Royal Palace though, because I found the entrance just too expensive. Please tell me I didn’t missed the experience of my life haha
    I like how you put everything together in one informative post. Thanks for sharing.

  5. This place is so high on my bucket list. Those tipe are so useful to spend 2 days in Phnom Pen. Will definitely save it for later.

  6. Thanks for this post. It was nice to get to see what they have to offer in this city. A little bit of sadness and fun. They dont hide their past and that’s how most countries should be. Don’t show just the heroic things.

  7. Loved the history and stories that you included about each place; it really adds to it to know some facts before arriving. I agree with everyone else, would love a post on food recommendations if you get the chance!

  8. Beautiful location! I actually have a few friends that have been there, some as missionaries to Phnom Pen! Wonderful shots and such a grand place to visit! Thank you

  9. Im so glad you have highlighted the killing fields here! I have been there and the museum and it was one of the most emotionally draining travel days I have ever had but it was eye-opening! I wondered why hardly anyone had ever heard of what happened there not so long ago. It made me think and I found that in Cambodia, the people were some of the kindest and most genuine people I have met on my travels, which is amazing considering the majority of people alive today have been effected by the genocide somehow. Cambodia will always have a special place in my heart.
    Great tips, recommendations too 🙂

  10. I’ve got to admit, I probably would have only visited Siem Reap but thanks for giving a great other option. Saving this post as I plan on going to Cambodia next year, so, very helpful.

  11. I’ve never been anywhere in Asia on the whole. This detailed itinerary is informative and very well done. I appreciate and encourage the tip to buy local and avoid chain franchises. How is the sanitation there? Is it safe to eat outside?

    1. Like all Asian cities street food sanitation average. If you’ve a weak immune system then don’t eat on street but local restaurants are pretty good, so won’t be a problem.

  12. I’ve known Cambodia as a country where temples are great. What I didn’t know was that it had a dark history too. I think it would be interesting to visit the The Killing Fields. Such a sad history behind it.

  13. I was in Cambodia and Phnom Penh in 2011. I really love Cambodia. I didn’t get to see much of Phnom Penh itself but I went to The Khmer Rouge. It is such a sad place to visit. I would like to go back to Cambodia. Thank you for the recommendations 🙂

  14. I agree with you, only less travellers visit Phnom penh. But it has lot to explore. Thanks for sharing the detailed itinerary. The pictures are stunning.

  15. A well written and informative post, we will be bypassing Cambodia on the next trip but we would like to include it on a future trip, thanks for your great tips. Also love the sustainable travel tips, well done.

  16. The Killing Fields sound brutal. Will probably end up going to all the places on this list except this one. Live dance performance every 30 minutes! That’s awesome!

  17. I have had zero desire to visit Phnom Penh despite having been to Siem Reap. Perhaps I’ll re-think it and go for a couple of days. I am not sure if I could visit the Killing Fields. I have a friend who escaped that horrific time and they walked from Cambodia ot Thailand to refugee camps. I visited the landmine museum in Siem Reap and I cried…..

    1. Omg you have a friend who escaped this? Must be such a difficult time for him. It’s difficult to relate all this, when it’s happened only couple of years back!

  18. Thanks for this! I’ve been to Siem Reap and Banteay Chhmar, but I’ve had Phnom Penh in my sights for now. Did you stay close to the city center? And were you able to take any trips upriver to Tonle Sap? I hear the river cruises are some of the best ways to see Cambodia at its most authentic. Thanks!

    1. Hi Mike. I stayed at my parents home who love there and I was visiting them so other than the regular touristy stuff I just chilled at home with them. But yes, Phnom Penh should be visited atleast for 2 days if JN Cambodia

  19. What interesting places! Those statues would be just amazing to see – they are HUGE!! We always travel with the kids so posts like this that give such details is an important part of our travel planning. I like to have as much information as possible before we take off with the kids!

  20. Say Cambodia and most people think Angkor Vat and Siem Reap. But indeed Pnom Penh is worth spending a couple of days. There are so many sights and experiences. You have provided a very interesting itinerary and the tips whichare going to stand the first time visitor in good stead. Hope to get to Cambodia some day.

  21. If you say Cambodia, Siem Reap and Angkor Wat is what comes to mind for most people. But Phnom Penh seems to be a destination in its own right. There are so many sights and experiences that seem to be unique. We would have liked to go to the Genocide Museum as it is a chapter in the history of Cambodia albeit a dark one. But this is a very useful post for first time visitors with an itinerary and some great tips.

  22. Now I regret that I din’t went straight here after my time in Thailand last March of this year. I love that you’ve shared the places that you’ve visited chronologically. The Independence monument and the Royal Palace and Silver Pagoda is something I should not miss to see when I get here. Thank you for setting my expectation, which is enough to entice me to come here real soon. Thank you so much for sharing this with us.

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